Global climatic and environmental
crisis and its solution
Part one - the problem1
A combination of climatic and environmental disturbances have been
mutually reinforcing each other causing a deterioration of the world
ecology. Ongoing global warming, mass extinction of species and
overpopulation are key problems.
Experts predict that if this continues, it will have serious consequences for
To prevent this, immediate and effectively coordinated international
cooperation between all countries is necessary.
therefore happy to inform that a scientifically
confirmed method is now
being implemented that is able to rapidly create the cooperation necessary
for to turn the global development in a positive direction.
published at January 24, 2004.
Rapid global heating -
US National Academy
of Science warning
National Academy of Science (NAS) warns that global heating may occur much
faster than believed so far. This has occurred repeatedly in world history
when the heating surpasses a certain speed. This critical threshold has now
been surpassed. Under such conditions a very rapid climatic change has
occurred. This can have dramatic ecological consequences. Quote from a review
of the NAS document:
is really unnerving is that it may take only a slight deviation in boundary
conditions or a small random fluctuation somewhere in the system "to excite
large changes ... when the system is close to a threshold", says the
NAS committee. An abrupt change in climate, …could prove catastrophic for
ecosystems and species around the world… The committee lays out a
potentially nightmarish scenario in which random triggering events take the
climate across the threshold into a new regime, causing widespread havoc
Ecosystems could collapse suddenly with forests decimated in vast fires and
grasslands drying out and turning into dust bowls. Wildlife could disappear
and waterborne diseases such as cholera and vector-borne diseases such as
malaria, dengue and yellow fever, could spread uncontrollably beyond host
ranges, threatening human health around the world."
Source: "Goodbye Cruel
World."A Report by Top US
Scientists on Climate Change Suggests That Catastrophe Could Be Imminent.
By Jermy Rifkin at http://www.commondreams.org/views02/0301-02.htm
Reference: "Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises";
US National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on
Abrupt Climate Change, National Academy Press, 2002.
warning of NAS is based on the present rate of warming. As you will find
below, there are a number of factors that may act synergistically to increase
the rate and extent of warming importantly. This would further aggravate the
Considerable increase in
greenhouse gas emissions
of global warming is generally considered to be gases that prevent heat to
radiate out into space, so called greenhouse gasses. The most important
greenhouse gas, is carbon dioxide. The major source of carbon dioxide is
burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas, also called "hydrocarbon
fuels"). This "heat trapper" has increased considerably, see
Increase of the major
greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide
covers a time period of 1200 years. It shows how carbon dioxide long was
constant, but has increased by about 30 percent since the beginning of the
industrial era in about 1750.
"How Do We Know that the Atmospheric Build-up of Greenhouse Gases Is
Due to Human Activity?". United Nations IPCC. http://gcrio.ciesin.org/ipcc/qa/05.html
two major systems that can trap and eliminate carbon in the atmosphere. The
largest one is phytoplankton in the oceans. The second largest is forests.
The very extensive deforestation is considered to have contributed
importantly to the increase of carbon dioxide (for more see e.g. http://oregonstate.edu/instruction/bi301/fortrends.htm).
the world's net deforestation in the 1990s was tropical forest loss, which
averaged 12.6 million hectares a year (averaged over the first half of the
1990's). Despite public attention to the issue of tropical deforestation,
damage has continued unabated since the 1980's when the average rate of
loss was 12.8 mill hectares per year. During the first half of the 1990's,
4% of the world's tropical forests were lost. If losses continued at this
rate, tropical forests would be gone within a few decades.
important carbon trap, the oceanic phytoplankton is harmed by increased
Ultraviolet Radiation caused by the ongoing ozone loss in the stratosphere.
Ozone loss aggravated by
The Ozone problem will get aggravated due to global
warming, because, paradoxically, it leads to increased stratospheric cooling,
which increases ozone loss.
used to believe that as chlorine levels decline in the upper atmosphere,
the ozone layer should slowly start to recover. However, greenhouse gas
emissions, which provide warming at the Earth's surface, lead to cooling in
the upper atmosphere. This cooling promotes formation of the kind of polar
stratospheric clouds that contribute to ozone loss."
Source: "Polar clouds cause more ozone loss in Arctic"
Ozone loss likely to
aggravate global warming
increased ultraviolet radiation due to ozone depletion has been shown to
damage the world's largest carbon dioxide reduction mechanism, the marine
largest biological system on the planet is that of marine phytoplankton; it
produces more biomass-104 billion tons of carbon per year- than all
terrestrial ecosystems combined, which generate 100 billion tons of carbon
Any reduction of photosynthetic activities in the phytoplankton could
amplify global warming in two ways. First, it would suppress the
photosynthetic sink that absorbs carbon dioxide, and second, it might
provide less dimethyl sulfide, a gas which generates condensation nuclei
for the formation of clouds.
We now know that marine phytoplankton in the northern hemisphere will be
exposed to intense ultraviolet-B radiation in the spring, just when they
are at their most productive. The depletion of the protective ozone layer
above the Arctic as a result of chlorofluorocarbon
(CFC) production is the culprit.
A recent U.N. Environment Program (UNEP) report warns that since most
phytoplankton organisms do not have ultraviolet radiation receptors, they
cannot avoid deleterious radiation that "penetrates deeper into the
water column than has been previously measured."
Source: "global warming, the worst
trade in banned ozone-depleting chemicals is increasing, which perpetuaties
the ozone problem, see for example: http://www.salvonet.com/eia/cgi/news/news.cgi?a=170&t=template.htm.
In addition, metyl bromide, a very potent ozone destroyer has been widely
used in agriculture. The implementation of the international agreement to
stop its usage is being delayed in a way that it may further aggravate the
ozone problem, see Peter Saunders, "Methyl Bromide Ban", ISIS
press release Jan 21, 2004,
Warming of the oceans
leads to increased green house gasses
addition, warming of the oceans seems also to contribute to disappearance of
oceanic phytoplanktons. Whatever the cause, considerable decreases have
already been observed.
life [phytoplanktons]covering the surface of the world's oceans, a vital
resource that helps absorb the worst of the "greenhouse gases"
involved in global warming, is disappearing at a dangerous rate, scientists
have discovered. Satellites and seagoing ships have confirmed the
diminishing productivity of the microscopic plants.…
The significant decline in plankton productivity has a direct effect on the
world's carbon cycle, said Watson W. Gregg, a NASA biologist at the Goddard
Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.
Normally, he noted, the ocean plants take up about half of all the carbon
dioxide in the world's environment because they use the carbon, along with
sunlight, for growth, and release oxygen into the atmosphere in a process
known as photosynthesis."
Source: "Decline in oceans' phytoplankton alarms scientists.
Experts pondering whether reduction of marine plant life is linked to
warming of the seas". David Perlman, Chronicle Science Editor Monday, October
6, 2003. http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2003/10/06/MN31432.DTL
Permafrost thawing will aggravate
amounts of greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide and methane) are bound in the
immense permafrost regions in Alaska
and Northern Europe and Asia,
(see map at http://earthtrends.wri.org/text/CLI/maps/226_lg.htm).
This gas now begins to be released.
14% of the carbon stored in the world's soils is estimated to be in the Arctic.
This probably amounts to several hundred Gigatonnes, and the release of
the entire Arctic carbon store, if it happened, would add prodigiously to
climate change (emissions of all greenhouse gases produced by human
activities are about six Gt annually)."
Svein Tveitdal, managing director of a UNEP information and monitoring
centre in Norway,
now adding to global warming" BBC News February. 7, 2001, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1158269.stm
numerous observations of ongoing thawing in the Arctic,
permafrost in the Arctic has damaged houses, roads,
airports and pipelines, and caused landscape erosion, slope instability,
and landslides. Local coastal losses to erosion of up to 100 feet per year
have been observed in some locations in the Siberian, Alaskan and Canadian
Source: "Climate Change and Arctic Impacts" http://www.ciel.org/Climate/Climate_Arctic.html
Addition at 8 March 2004
permafrost increases greenhouse gas
A considerable increase of the
release of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas was recently reported in the
Swedish permafrost. Methane
is 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas. The scientists warn that
methane release from the large subpolar permafrost areas could accelerate
global warming. Excerpt:
"At a particular mire,
Stordalen, we have been able to estimate an increase in methane emissions
of at least 20 percent, but maybe as much as 60 percent, from 1970 to
2000," says the lead researcher, Torben R. Christensen of Lund
Despite methane being an
important greenhouse gas, it is often forgotten in discussions of the
greenhouse effect, the scientists say. Methane is released from rice
agriculture and meat production, but the largest single source of methane
is the natural wetlands. If what is seen in subarctic Sweden
is representative of the circumpolar North, this could mean an
acceleration in the rate of predicted climate warming, they say.
Source: “Thawing subarctic permafrost
increases greenhouse gas
American Geophysical Union, Lund
University, joint press
24 Febr 2004
Addition at 28 May 2004
arctic thaw portends warming
dramatic climate change happening in the Arctic right now ... about 2 to 3
times the pace of the whole globe," said Robert Corell, chairman
of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, an 1,800-page report to be handed
to ministers in Iceland in November.
[This] “ may be a
portent of wider, catastrophic changes” Corell said.
The melting is
destabilizing buildings on permafrost and threatening an oil pipeline laid
"I think (climate change) can be stopped but
we will need an aggressive response," Corell said. Global climate
change may bring everything from disastrous floods or droughts to a rise in
global sea levels that could swamp low-lying Pacific islands.
"The (ACIA) report underlines how critical it
is that we take action as soon as possible, first under Kyoto, to reduce emissions and invest
in renewable energy," said Samantha Smith, director of the Arctic
Program at the World Wide Fund for Nature.
Source: CNN Science&Space, 26 May 2004, http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TECH/science/05/25/global.heat.reut/index.html
Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) website: http://www.acia.uaf.edu/
Oceanic changes observed
that may aggravate the situation
addition, different observations indicate that the so called "Thermohaline
Circulation" in the oceans is slowing down. This circulation has an
important stabilizing effect on world climate and it decreases the
temperature difference between polar and tropical regions. It is transporting
warm water out of the tropical zone, thereby warming the temperate regions.
Other parts of it bring cooler water to the tropics. Reduced thermohaline
circulation leads to hotter equotarial zones which leads to an important
increase of water evaporation. Water wapor is an efficient greenhouse gas. So
this would further increase equatiorial heating. At the same time the polar
and subpolar zones would be colder, perhaps much colder, including central
and northern Europe. Quote from a review:
but not all models show a reduction in the strength of the THC with
increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases, and if warming is strong
enough and sustained long enough, a complete collapse cannot be excluded.
[In that case] …As the result of general cooling in the Northern
Hemisphere, there is a widespread reduction in both surface evaporation and
precipitation there, with increases elsewhere. The combined temperature and
water-cycle changes would be expected to have a significant impact on
vegetation and agriculture.
It is estimated that agricultural productivity will be reduced by
12% in the northern hemisphere as a whole, with larger regional changes:
reduction of 16% in Europe, 36% in the Indian
subcontinent and 109% in Central America."
"Source: "Abrupt Climate Change
Happening global warming & then the Big Freeze" http://www.i-sis.org.uk/LOG3.php
and "Abrupt Climate Change Happening" http://www.i-sis.org.uk/LOG2.php
2003, a report was released from the largest oceanographic institute in the US,
confirming that an important reduction of the oceanic circulation is indeed
ocean waters have become
dramatically saltier over the past 40 years, while oceans closer to Earth's
poles have become fresher, scientists reported today in the journal
Nature."[Decreased salinity of the Polar ocean waters slows down the
mechanism that drives the thermohaline circulation and can bring it to a
It would exacerbate global warming by rapidly adding more water
vapor--itself a potent, heat-trapping greenhouse gas--to the atmosphere. It
could also continue to freshen northern North Atlantic Ocean
waters -- to a point that could disrupt ocean circulation and trigger further
Source: "New Study Reports
Large-scale Salinity Changes in the Oceans". Press release Dec
17, 2003 from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution http://www.whoi.edu/institutes/occi/currenttopics/abruptclimate_rcurry_pr.html
ongoing accumulation of greenhouse gasses causes increasing global warming.
This causes a more extensive destruction of ozone in the polar regions
because of accentuated stratospheric cooling. An increase of ozone
destruction increases the UV-radiation that, combined with higher ocean
temperature, causes a reduction of the gigantic carbon dioxide trapping
mechanism of the oceanic phytoplankton biomass. This accentuates the warming
process. When the warming has reached a certain level, it will release huge
amounts of greenhouse gasses trapped in the permafrost. This will enhance the
global warming, and the polar destruction of ozone, and so on. The observed
decrease of the thermohaline circulation further aggravates the situation.
This is a
global self-reinforcing vicious circle accelerating the global warming:
the picture to expand
the present rate of warming can destabilize the world climate and may
precipitate drastic climatic changes any time, according to US National
Academy of Science. Their warning is based on historical data on warming
rates from former warming periods. The described vicious circle is
likely to accelerate this rate, perhaps considerably, and will thereby
increase the risk for an abrupt climatic change even more.
have found sites questioning that global warming is man-made, yes even some
argue that it does not exist. They are mainly an expression of the powerful
hydrocarbon producer propaganda with the purpose to prevent a reduced use of
such energy sources. For more, see "Look out for junk science" at http://www.psrast.org/glecjunksci.htm
Pentagon issues severe warning about abrupt
recent message from Pentagon, published in Fortune Magazine a couple of
weeks after this article was published, likewise warns that global
climate can deteriorate rapidly and threaten the security of USA.
It calls for immediate radical countermeasures from the US
Global warming is definitely here now and it
is a major cause of the mass extinction of species discussed below.
Massive extinction of
species aggravates the environmental crisis
environmental situation is likely to be further aggravated by the
increasingly rapid, large scale global extinction of species. It occurred in
the 20th century at a rate that was a thousand times higher than the average
rate during the preceding 65 million years. This is likely to destabilize
various ecosystems including agricultural systems.
"By the second half of the
21st century, between one-third and two-thirds of all plant and animal
species, most in the tropics, will be lost. "In each of the prior mass
extinctions, somewhere between one-fourth and one-half of all species died
out over the course of a few million years - half a heartbeat in geologic
Two points make this mass extinction episode different from prior episodes.
First, this extinction event is happening in hundreds, not hundreds of
thousands or millions of years [as before]. Second, though the cause of the
prior extinctions is up for debate, all were the result of natural
This is the first time that one species - homo sapiens - is the direct
cause of the extinctions. The population explosion and its consequences are
held as the culprits. Human activities, including the clearing of forests,
the spread of agriculture, the introduction of animals into new
environments, and the pollution of air, water, and soil, account for almost
all of the extinctions...
Scientists have calculated what they call a background [average] extinction
rate - the rate at which species have been becoming extinct for the past 65
million years, since the last major extinction. The current extinction
rate is now approaching 1,000 times the background rate and may
climb to 10,000 times the background rate during the next century".
Source: "Scientists warn of mass
extinction", Environmental News Network, Aug
3, 1999 http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/1999/08/080399/extinction_4759.asp
In a slow
extinction, various balancing mechanisms can develop. Nobody knows what will
be the result of this extremely rapid extinction rate as it is unprecedented
in the history of this planet. What is known, for sure, is that the world
ecological system has been kept in balance through a very complex and multi-facetted
interaction between a huge number of species. This rapid extinction is
therefore likely to precitate collapses of ecolosystems at a global scale.
This is predcited to create large-scale agricultural problems, threatening
food supplies to hundreds of millions of people. This ecological prediction
does not take into consideration the effects of global warming which will
further aggravate the situation.
is virtual unanimity among scientists that we have entered a period of mass
extinction not seen since the age of the dinosaurs, an emerging global
crisis that could have disastrous effects on our future food supplies, our
search for new medicines, and on the water we drink and the air we
Source: "Scientists agree world faces mass extinction"
CNN, August 23, 2002. http://edition.cnn.com/2002/TECH/science/08/23/green.century.mass.extinction/index.html
fishing has contributed importantly to mass extinction due to repeatedly
failed attempts at limiting the fishing.
global study concludes that 90 percent of all large fishes have disappeared
from the world's oceans in the past half century, the devastating result of
industrial fishing. The study, which took 10 years to complete and was
published in the international journal Nature, paints a grim picture of the
Earth's current populations of such species as sharks, swordfish, tuna and
changes that will occur due to the decline of these species are hard to
predict and difficult to understand. However, they will occur on a global
scale, and I think this is the real reason for concern."
Boris Worm, a marine ecologist with the Institute for Marine Science in Kiel,
Source: "Study: Only 10 percent of
big ocean fish remain" http://edition.cnn.com/2003/TECH/science/05/14/coolsc.disappearingfish/
of predatory fishes is likely to cause multiple complex imbalances in marine
cause for extensive fish extinction is the destruction of coral reefs.
This is caused by a combination of causes, including warming of oceans,
damage from fishing tools and a harmful infection of coral organisms promoted
by ocean pollution. It will take hundreds of thousands of years to
restore what is now being destroyed in a few decades.
than a quarter of the world's coral reefs have been destroyed by pollution
and global warming, experts said today, warning that unless urgent measures
are taken, most of the remaining reefs could be dead in 20 years."
"…at the 9th International Coral Reef Symposium on the island of Bali,
researchers warned that governments must urgently reverse global warming
trends, cut pollution and crack down on overfishing."
"…Clive Wilkinson, a leading Australian scientist said the loss of the
reefs would not only be a major blow to the environment, but would also
threaten the livelihood of a half billion people around the world who rely
on them for food and income."
Source: "Coral reefs will be gone
in 20 years, scientists say", Associated Press, oct 2000. http://www.enn.com/news/wire-stories/2000/10/10232000/ap_coral_39494.asp
scientists have issued a clarion warning call, finding the mass extinction
"The living world is disappearing before our
one in 10 of all the world's bird species and a quarter of its mammals are
officially listed as threatened with extinction, while up to two-thirds of
other animal species are also endangered. These losses have accelerated
over the last 200 years as a direct and indirect consequence of the growth
in human populations, wasteful use of natural resources and associated
changes to the environment."
Professor Peter Crane, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Source: "Wake-up call on
extinction wave" BBC News Online Monday,
19 May, 2003 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/3039803.stm
to the most comprehensive study done so far in this field, over a million
species will be lost in the coming 50 years. The most important cause was
found to be climate change. Excerpt:
by their results, the researchers called for "rapid implementation of
technologies" to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and warned that
the scale of extinctions could climb much higher because of mutually
reinforcing interactions between climate change and habitat destruction
caused by agriculture, invasive species and other factors."
Post, Jan 08, 2004. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A63153-2004Jan7?language=printer.
The study was published in "Nature"Jan
study used the predictions of UN that world average temperatures will slowly
rise 2.5 to 10.4 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100. However, as pointed out by the
US National Academy of Science, a much more rapid temperature change may
occur. This would yield a considerably worse outcome than the predicted one
million species loss (24 % of all species). In addition, as explained above,
synergistic mechanisms may enhance the temperature level, which would
aggravate the situation.
NOTE: The above presentation
encompasses only the most important and burning global environmental
problems. There are several additional ones, especially in the field of
chemical pollution that contribute to harm the environment or upset the
ecological balance. The industry has persistently and most irresponsibly
resisted attempts at controlling or limiting the release of new chemicals
into environment without proper testing of their environmental consequences.
Sudden collapse but very
French Mathematician René Thom has developed a mathematic theorem that
describes how sudden destabilization can occur in complex systems of many
interdependent parts, like biological and ecological systems. It formulates,
in mathematical terms, the age-old experience that such self-stabilizing
systems can uphold balance even under considerable strain. But when the
strain reaches a critical level, they rapidly collapse and then it takes very
long time to restore them. This was also pointed out in a recent paper in
have predicted this, but only in recent years has enough evidence
accumulated to tell us that resilience of many important ecosystems has
become undermined to the point that even the slightest disturbance can make
Source: "Gradual change can push
ecosystems into collapse", http://www.enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/10/10122001/s_45241.asp
biological systems function in this way. Their mutually interdependent parts
support and reinforce the balance of the whole. Biological systems are able
to uphold balance even under considerable strain, but when the tolerance
limit is reached they disintegrate dramatically. The human body is such a
system. You may have experienced how you can go on for quite long time, even
years with exertion or mismanagement of health until suddenly, when you have
gone too far, there is a collapse of the "ecological balance" in
the body, manifesting as a disease, sometimes within hours. Full recovery is
always much slower, taking weeks or months. For the global ecology, it may
take hundreds or thousands of years to recover.
gradual awareness is building in the scientific community that stressed
ecosystems, given the right nudge, are capable of slipping rapidly from a
seemingly steady state to something entirely different, said coauthor
Stephen Carpenter, a limnologist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and
immediate past president of the Ecological Society of America."
"We realize that there is a common pattern we're seeing in
ecosystems around the world," said Carpenter, an authority on
"Gradual changes in vulnerability accumulate and eventually you get a
shock to the system, a flood or a drought, and boom, you're over into
another regime. It becomes a self-sustaining collapse."
Source: "Gradual change can push
ecosystems into collapse" Environmental News Network October
12, 2001. http://www.well.com/user/davidu/collapse.html
Effective measures can
decrease global warming and other problems
analysis by UNEP and other expert shows that globally coordinated strict measures
could slow down the global warming - species extinction - ecosystem
destabilization process. The World Watch Institute writes:
encouraging, the world is sitting on the cusp of … successes that could usher
in a sustainable human civilization. The use of clean, renewable energy
technologies, like wind turbines and photovoltaics for example, is growing
at over 25 percent per year, and they are increasingly competitive with
fossil fuels. Organic farming is the fastest-growing sector of the world
agricultural economy, with the potential to rejuvenate rural communities
from the Philippines
And a quickening of religious interest in humanity's place in the natural
environment could awaken a powerful new constituency to the cause of
Source: State of the World 2003 from
World Watch Institute. http://www.worldwatch.org/pubs/sow/2003/
requires immediate, very effective cooperation. If the system goes out of
balances in a catastrophic manner, no feasible measures will be sufficient to
restore the balance rapidly. It will take hundreds or, more likely. thousands
of years according to scientific experts. The chief scientist of the British
Government, Sir David King, recently called for immediate action:
my view, climate change is the most severe problem that we are facing
today, more serious even than the threat of terrorism."…
"Delaying action for decades, or even just years, is not a serious
option. I am firmly convinced that if we do not begin now, more
substantial, more disruptive, and more expensive change will be needed
Source: "Global warming 'biggest
threat'", BBC News January 9,
Addition 17 June 2004
Shell boss 'fears for the planet'
The head of one of the world's biggest
oil giants has said unless carbon dioxide emissions are dealt with he sees
"very little hope for the world".
In a frank interview, Ron Oxburgh told the Guardian
newspaper that climate change makes him "very worried for the
Source: “Shell boss 'fears for the
planet'”. BBC News 17 June 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/3814607.stm
The world community has
repeatedly failed to establish cooperation
one hundred eighty-two nations are now parties to the Convention on
Biological Diversity with the purpose of preventing the accelerating mass
extinction. But there is wide agreement that the treaty has had virtually no
impact on continuing mass extinction. It is more like a political statement
than a plan of action. Many developing countries in tropical areas, where the
most species of plant and animal can be found, wanted nothing in the treaty
that could limit their freedom to exploit natural resources.
tragic failures to unite in effective and responsible actions have repeatedly
occurred in spite of very serious warnings from the United Nations, saying
for example "Our present course is unsustainable - postponing action is
no longer an option" 2 and the UN Population
Report 2001 likewise warning for a catastrophic global crisis, the world
being "at the edge of a precipe" 3.
In spite of these very stern warnings, UN World Summit for Sustainable
Development (WSSD) in Sept 2002 in Johannesburg
failed completely to establish effective measures. Yet UN had taken measures
of unprecedented scope to make sure that governments were well informed about
the serious consequences of inaction at this stage.
Commentators found that narrow-minded national self-interest, greed and
cynical disregard of the already ongoing severe suffering of hundreds of
millions of people contributed to the failure of this conference 4
of lacking interdisciplinary cooperation, most scientists have long had a
fragmented understanding of the world environmental situation, ignoring
synergy effects of the kind mentioned above. Some have been long denying the
obvious. Only few have had the scope of insight to realize that a sudden
climatic and ecological collapse may occur. Only lately have increasing
numbers of scientists begun to realize the acute seriousness of the
situation. Only recently has the possibility of sudden drastic changes been
recognized. Leading scientists are now emphasizing that it is dangerous to
of the above is speculation. We have been careful to include only
observations and conclusions by established experts and institutions.
A new approach is
required to solve the situation
close cooperation between all nations, including immediate very strict and
firm restrictions of all known aggravating factors it is possible prevent
serious deterioration. The failure of world leaders to cooperate effectively
in spite of stern warnings, based on abundant evidence, demonstrates beyond
any doubt that a solution cannot be achieved by conventional means. Yet it is
obvious that we an effective way has to be applied very rapidly.
we are going to reverse biodiversity loss, dampen the effects of global
warming, and eliminate the scourge of persistent poverty, we need to
reinvent ourselves -as individuals, as societies, as corporations,
and as governments."
Source: State of the World 2003 from
World Watch Institute. http://www.worldwatch.org/pubs/sow/2003/
happy to inform that a scientifically confirmed and effective solution for
"reinventing" mankind exists and is becoming implemented during 2006, see http://www.psrast.org/globecolcrsol.htm
Chairman of Physicians and Scientists for Responsible Application of Science
and Technology (PSRAST),
To home page
1. To facilitate for the layman,We
are referring only to easy-read, brief non-technical sources. This is because
we think it is most important for everybody to understand the seriousness of
this impending catastrophe.
2. Global Environment Outlook 2000
(GEO-2000) of United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) - the most
authoritative assessment ever of the environmental crisis facing humanity.
URL (next page): http://www.unep.org/geo2000/pressrel/index.htm
"Earth on edge of a precipice - UN report". Reuters News Service. November
6, 2001. http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/13190/story.htm
4. Akwe Amosu. WSSD in Johannesburg
Ends on Uncertain Note
September 4, 2002, http://allafrica.com/sustainable/stories/200209040458.html
Quote: "UN special envoy to the summit, Jan Pronk, told the BBC that the
meeting had come "close to collapse" and implied that delegates had
only managed to maintain the status quo, rather than advancing the summit's
"Pressure groups condemn summit" September
3, 2002. "A triumph for greed and self-interest, a tragedy
for poor people and the environment" (Oxfam). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2233969.stm
6. World Development Movement
comment on WSSD: "The lack of action is especially cynical when coupled
with grandiose statements about the crisis faced by the world and the need
for urgency and political will." http://www.wdm.org.uk/cambriefs/wssd_wrap_up.pdf
Physicians and Scientists for Responsible Application of Science and